Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK), initiated under the National Rural Health Mission. The scheme aims to provide comprehensive health care benefits to over 27 crore children across India.
The initiative aims to provide a comprehensive healthcare package for all children up to 18 by conflating earlier programmes where children up to six years of age were examined in anganwadis by a medical officer, while those from six to 18 years were covered under the School Health Programme.
The programme would soon be extended to all districts of the country in a phased manner. This ambitious scheme, when implemented, is expected to benefit approximately 27 crore children across the country.
As per the scheme, dedicated five-member teams will be established at the taluka level, comprising two medical officers, one auxiliary nurse midwife (ANM) and one pharmacist. Around three teams are to be provided for every block.
Medical teams will carry out screening of all the children up to six years enrolled at anganwadi centres at least twice a year besides screening all children enrolled in government and government-aided schools.
A set of 30 common ailments have been identified for screening and early intervention, including birth and heart defects, deficiency conditions, developmental delays and disabilities such as hearing impairment and vision impairment.
As part of the programme, District Early Intervention Centres are to be made operational in all districts to treat cases referred from block levels. Tertiary health services would also be made available for cases requiring surgery.